Niigata Prefecture, a long prefecture facing the Sea of Japan, is situated in the center of Honshu, the largest of Japan’s four main islands. It prospered as a port on the Sea of Japan during the Edo period in the 17th and 18th centuries, and, after the 19th century, developed as a base for trade with Russia and South Korea.
Niigata is home to many leading Japanese sake breweries which make their sake with high quality rice and water. There are many restaurants where you can savor sake with fresh seafood, naturally making Niigata a region where you can enjoy Japanese tastes and traditions to your heart’s content. The center of the prefecture’s administration and economy is Niigata City. It is a beautiful “city of water,” with the Shinano River running through it and the Sea of Japan on its northwestern side. Since the 19th century it has prospered as a port of trade with foreign countries.